A

Anniversary Storage

Storage type that runs on a specified cycle based on the day the product arrives and becomes billable. For example, 30 Day Anniversary means that the cargo will be billed every 30 days that it is on the floor. If it arrives on Jan. 5th,
and has no free time, then if the cargo is still in inventory 30 days later (Feb. 4th) it will be billed again for another 30 days.

Available Inventory

The amount of shippable product in the warehouse; does not include product designated as damaged, on hold, or pending shipment.

Average storage

Storage type that calculates and bills the average volume that was on the floor for the previous month. This is billed as of the 1st of every month based on the average of the previous month.

B

Bar Code

Printed series of parallel bars of varying width used for storing data, typically for identifying the object or information on which the code appears such as the product or pallet. Information stored in a barcode can be read by an optical
(laser) scanner. This code is used in many different areas of manufacturing and marketing, including inventory control and tracking systems.

Bar Code Scanner

Often a wireless hand-held devise with a screen, a keypad, and a scanner or “gun” that is used by warehouse personnel to scan a barcoded unit, load, or location and transmit the scanned data to a computer system.

Bay

A space typically the width of a standard pallet that is marked on the warehouse floor.

Bill of Lading (BOL,BL)

A legal document between the shipper of a particular good and the carrier detailing the type, quantity and destination of the good being carried. The bill of lading also serves as a receipt of shipment when the good is delivered to the
predetermined destination. This document must accompany the shipped goods, no matter the form of transportation, and must be signed by an authorized representative from the carrier, shipper and receiver.

See also Master Bill of Lading and House Bill of Lading.

Booking

Reservation for set amount of containers of a specific size and type on a carrier (steamship line) vessel for transport from Port of Origin to Port of Discharge.

Booking Number

Export reference number for a Booking.

Break Bulk (Breakbulk)

Loose material/product that must be loaded individually onto a vessel, and not in intermodal containers nor in bulk as with oil or grain.

Broker

A company that handles inbound documentation, releases, and often the booking of a steamship line and a trucking company.

C

Carrier

A railroad, trucking company, airline, steamship line, or any other company that transports product or equipment.

Check Digit

A check digit is the 7th number of a container that calculates off of the prefix and 6 previous digits of the container number allowing for verification of the accuracy of the container number.

Clear Height

The maximum height that product can be stored in a particular building without encountering obstructions such as fire sprinkler heads, lights or structure.

Combo Chassis

A 40’ long chassis that can hold two 20’ containers simultaneously.

Cosignee

The party or location that is receiving product.

Container

Also refered to as an intermodal container, freight container or shipping container it is a reusable transport and storage unit for moving products and raw materials between locations or countries via vessel, rail, or truck. The most
common container sizes are 20’, 40’, and 45’. Common container types include Dry Van (Standard and Highcube), Flatrack, Opentop, and Reefer.

Container Number

Reference number placed on a container. A container number is made up of 4 letters and 7 digits, the 7th digit is referred to as the check digit.

Cross Dock

Receiving product and shipping it out the same day or overnight without putting it into storage.

Container Number

Company who is purchasing or requesting the product from the shipper.

Customer Service Representative (CSR)

The company representative that is responsible for servicing customers through monitoring, tracking, and scheduling of their orders from receipt of an order to delivery of the product.

D

Delivery Order

Also referred to as DO’s are documents given to a trucking company with all of the information required to move a container.

Demurrage

The fee for leaving a container at the terminal beyond the free days given

Dispatcher

Provides transport information and instructions to drivers to facilitate the transportation of equipment from one location to another.

Dock Plate

A metal plate that is placed between the warehouse dock door and a trailer/railcar to bridge the gap between the two allowing forklift access.

Drayage

The act of transporting a container from one point to another.

Dry Van

A fully enclosed container. Dry Vans can come in Standard or Highcube.

Dunnage

Airbags and corrugated cardboard packing material used to separate, cushion, and secure unit loads during transport by truck, container or rail.

E

EDI

Electronic Data Interchange. Refers to a computerized exchange of information between two or more supply chain partners which replaces paper documents being manually keyed into computer systems.

Electronic Interchange Receipt (EIR)

Also refered to as an Interchange; receipt given to a driver for ingate or outgate of a container through a terminal or container yard.

F

Fifth Wheel

A heavy metal device mounted atop the rear axles and wheels of a tractor which engages the kingpin underneath the nose of a trailer.

Flatbed

A trailer with no sides or top.

Flattrack Container

A container without sides or tops that has ends that fold up. Large equipment and pipe that cannot fit inside a container is often loaded on this type of equipment.

Floor Load/Hand Stack

Refers to product stacked directly onto the floor of a transportation vehicle. Product may be placed by hand or using a lift truck, but is then palletized or otherwise removed from the vehicle manually.

Forklift

A type of lift truck used for lifting, stacking, and transporting pallets of product by means of a set of blades, tines or forks mounted on the front. This term is sometimes used to refer to all lift trucks even if they have other types
of attachments.

Freight Forwarder (Forwarder)

Hired by the shipper to set up bookings and process documentation for the export of containers or cargo overseas.

G

H

Haz Mat

Short for hazardous material; refers to product that may pose a risk to personal health and safety, environment or property, if improperly transported, handled, stored or damaged. Examples include flammables, corrosives, explosives,
and poisons. The handling and transportation of such products are strictly regulated by several governmental agencies.

Highcube Container

A 9'6" high container.

House Bill of Lading (HBL)

Generated by the freight forwarder who negotiates the service agreement with the carrier; may have numerous House Bill of Ladings under one Master Bill of Lading.

I

In Bond/A container

A container/product that is moving outside the Port of Entry and has not been released by U.S. Customs for entry into the commerce of the United States.

Ingate

When a driver enters a terminal or container yard with a container.

Intermodal

A transportation activity that involves more than one type (mode) of transportation in a move from origin to destination.

Inventory

A transportation activity that involves more than one type (mode) of transportation in a move from origin to destination.

Inventory Activity

The arriving in and shipping out of cargo in a warehouse.

J

K

Kingpin

A broad, heavy metal bit or pin of steel located on the underside of the noise of a trailer or chassis. The kingpin engages the fifth wheel on a tractor and when locked in place enables the trailer to be towed by the tractor.

L

Logistics

The care and movement of product from raw material, through the manufacturer, through the warehousing and distribution process, to the end customer, and on to the consumer.

M

Master Bill Of Lading (MBL)

Generated by the actual carrier (Steamship Line) who will move the freight from a pre-determined location of the exporter to the pre-determined location of the importer which consolidates various House Bill of Ladings.

MSDS (Material Safety Data Sheets)

Formal document containing important information about the characteristics and actual or potential hazards of a substance. See Also: Haz mat

N

O

Opentop Container

A container that does not have a hard top, instead, it has a tarp that can be removed. This is for cargo that will fit in a container but cannot be loaded/unloaded through the doors of the container.

Out of Gauge (OOG)

Cargo that is over legal dimensions on width, length, height, or weight.

Outgate

When a driver leaves a terminal or container yard with a container. See also: Electronic Interchange Receipt

P

Per Diem

A fee that the steamship lines charge per day when a container stays out of their possession beyond the free days allowed.

Q

R

Rack

Metal structure that holds product allowing none stackable cargo to be stored in one location vertically without being physically stacked on top of one another.

Rail Sliding

Stretch of railroad track that runs parallel to a warehouse with doors used for loading and unload directly with railcars.

Reefer Container

A container that can be mounted with a genset (a refrigeration power unit) to keep the container cooled to a specific temperature.

Re-Spotting

When a driver hooks up to a dropped container and moves it from one location to another at that same facility. This is often done so that a driver can reach a specific container that is behind other containers or if a container is blocking
a door that the driver needs to get into.

Rework

the rearranging of product in or on a piece of equipment such as a container or van. This is often done to redistribute weight due to an overweight axle.

S

SCAC

Standard Carrier Alpha Code is a four letter code assigned to all carriers

Scale

Process of weighing a truck and piece of equipment such as a container, van or flatbed to verify legal gross and axle wieght.

Shipper

The company that is shipping the product

Shrink Wrap

Heavy clear plastic film that is tightly formed around a tray of product through a heating and shrinking process.

Slider Chassis

20' chassis that where the center slides out allowing for better weight distribution across the axles.

Split Month Storage

The receiving month is billed based on the date that the cargo arrives. If the cargo arrives on the 1st - 15th, then the cargo is billed at the full rate upon arrival. If the cargo arrives on the 16th or after, then the cargo is billed
at half the rate. The cargo is then billed every 1st of the month that it is sitting in inventory for the full amount.

Staging

The process of positioning product in the warehouse either after receiving or prior to shipping. On inbound, staging is used to reduce vehicle unloading time and to permit checking and inspection of product prior to putting away in the
warehouse. All outbound staging is used for checking and inspection prior to loading and also to smooth out work in the warehouse and to speed up loading once the vehicle arrives.

Standard Container

An 8'6" container

Stretch Wrap

Clear plastic film that is wrapped around a unit load or partial load of product to secure it. The wrap is elastic.

Strip

To unload a piece of equipment.

Stuff

To load a piece of equipment.

Supply Chain

Process by which an organization creates and distributes its products from raw material through manufacturing and distribution to retail and the consumer.

Supply Chain Logistics

The care and movement of product from the manufacturer, through the distribution and warehousing process, to the end consumer.

Supply Chain Management

Managing and controlling the flow of goods through the supply chain.

Swing

A crane moving a container on or off of a chassis or from one chassis to another chassis

T

Third Party Logistics

Third Party Logistics (3PL)

Third Party Logistics

The providing of logistics services of certain supply chain functions by a company. Third Party logistics activities can be limited to one function such as warehousing or transportation or can involve many activities provided by one
provider.

Third Party Logistics Provider

A company that performs all or part of its customer's supply chain logistics activities. These activities may include the care and control of the customer's products; distribution of products according to customer specifications; and
special services such as repackaging and transportation.

Transload

Unloading and reshipping cargo from one form of transport to another such as from a container to a van.

Triaxle Chassis

A chassis used in hauling 20' containers with three axles and a center that slides out. This allows for better weight distribution and allows the hauling of heavier containers.

Twistlock

Lock that inserts into a container from the chassis to lock or hold the container in place

U

V

Van

An enclosed trailer and wheel unit used to haul cargo domestically.

W

X

Y

Z

Gulf Winds has done an exceptional job for WSS in assisting in the nationwide management of our in-house container moves. They are very pro-active and provide a top notch service. They are our premier vendor choice.
Brian Davis | Purchasing Manager Quorum International LP
Back To Top